Daily Facts - July 28
Births1659 - Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1715)
1767 - James A. Bayard (elder), U.S. Senator from Delaware (d. 1815)
1804 - Ludwig Feuerbach, German philosopher (d. 1872)
1844 - Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (d. 1889)
1857 - Ballington Booth, Salvation Army Officer and co-founder of Volunteers of America (d. 1940)
1863 - Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)
1866 - Beatrix Potter, English author (d. 1943)
1867 - Charles Dillon Perrine, American-born astronomer (d. 1951)
1872 - Albert Sarraut, French politician (d. 1962)
1874 - Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher (d. 1945)
1887 - Marcel Duchamp, French painter (d. 1968)
1896 - Barbara La Marr, American actress (d. 1926)
1901 - Rudy Vallee, American singer, actor, bandleader, and entertainer (d. 1986)
1902 - Karl Popper, Austrian-born philosopher of science (d. 1994)
1904 - Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1990)
1907 - Earl Tupper, American inventor (d. 1983)
1909 - Malcolm Lowry, English novelist (d. 1957)
1914 - Carmen Dragon, composer (d. 1984)
1915 - Charles Townes, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1915 - Frankie Yankovic, American musician (d. 1998)
1916 - David Brown, American film producer
1922 - Jacques Piccard, Belgian-born undersea explorer
1925 - Baruch S. Blumberg, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1927 - John Ashbery, American poet
1929 - Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, First Lady of the United States (d. 1994)
1930 - Jean Roba, Belgian comics author (d. 2006)
1934 - Jacques d'Amboise, American dancer and choreographer
1935 - Simon Dee, British television broadcaster
1936 - Garfield Sobers, West Indian cricketer
1938 - Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru
1940 - Philip Proctor, American comedian
1941 - Riccardo Muti, Italian conductor
1943 - Mike Bloomfield, American guitarist (d. 1981)
1943 - Bill Bradley, basketball player and U.S. Senator
1945 - Jim Davis, American cartoonist
1945 - Richard Wright English keyboard player (Pink Floyd)
1946 - Linda Kelsey, American actress
1948 - Georgia Engel, American actress
1948 - Sally Struthers, American actress
1949 - Steve Peregrin Took, English singer and songwriter (d. 1980)
1951 - Santiago Calatrava, Spanish architect
1952 - Yoshitaka Amano, Japanese artist
1952 - Vajiralongkorn, Crown Prince of Thailand
1954 - Steve Morse, American guitarist
1954 - Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela
1954 - Bruce Abbott, American actor
1955 - Nikolay Zimyatov, Russian cross-country skier
1958 - Terry Fox, Canadian athlete and cancer activist (d. 1981)
1962 - Rachel Sweet, American singer
1965 - Lori Loughlin, American actress
1968 - Taka Hirose, Japanese bassist, (Feeder)
1970 - Michael Amott, Swedish guitarist (Arch Enemy)
1971 - Stephen Lynch, American musician
1972 - Elizabeth Berkley, American actress
1972 - Ed Templeton, Professional skateboarder
1976 - Jacoby Shaddix, American singer (Papa Roach)
1977 - Tiago Andres Vaz, Brazilian composer
1977 - Emanuel Ginóbili, Argentine basketball player
1979 - Lee Minwoo, singer in korean group Shinhwa
1979 - Birgitta Haukdal, Icelandic singer
1982 - Ágústa Eva Erlendsdóttir, Icelandic singer and actor
Deaths450 - Theodosius II, Roman Emperor (b. 401)
1057 - Pope Victor II
1128 - William Clito, Count of Flanders (b. 1102)
1230 - Duke Leopold VI of Austria (b. 1176)
1285 - Queen Keran of Armenia, consort of Leo III of Armenia.
1527 - Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish conquistador
1540 - Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman
1631 - Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish dramatist (b. 1569)
1655 - Cyrano de Bergerac, French poet (b. 1619)
1667 - Abraham Cowley, English poet (b. 1618)
1675 - Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
1685 - Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, English statesman (b. 1618)
1718 - Etienne Baluze, French scholar (b. 1630)
1741 - Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer (b. 1678)
1750 - Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (b. 1685)
1762 - George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (b. 1691)
1794 - Maximilien Robespierre, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1758)
1794 - Louis de Saint-Just, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1767)
1835 - Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (b. 1768)
1842 - Clemens Brentano, German poet (b. 1778)
1844 - Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain (b. 1768)
1849 - King Charles Albert of Sardinia (b. 1798)
1869 - Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
1930 - Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish ophthalmologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1862)
1934 - Marie Dressler, Canadian actress (b. 1868)
1942 - William Matthew Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (b. 1853)
1957 - Edith Abbott, American social worker, educator, and author (b. 1876)
1965 - Edogawa Ranpo, Japanese author (b. 1894)
1968 - Otto Hahn, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1879)
1971 - Myril Hoag, baseball player (b. 1908)
1972 - Helen Traubel, American soprano (b. 1903)
1972 - Charu Majumdar, Indian revolutionary leader (b. 1918)
1982 - Keith Green, American gospel singer, songwriter, and pianist (b. 1953)
1996 - Marguerite "Marge" Ganser, American singer (Shangri-Las) (b. 1948)
1999 - Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
2002 - Archer John Porter Martin, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1910)
2003 - Lady Valerie Goulding, Irish Senator and campaigner for the disabled (b. 1918)
2004 - Francis Crick, English molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1916)
2004 - Sam Edwards, American actor (b. 1915)
2004 - Tiziano Terzani, Italian journalist (b. 1938)
Events1493 - Great fire in Moscow.
1540 - Thomas Cromwell, is executed on order from Henry VIII of England on charges of treason. Henry marries his fifth wife, Catherine Howard, on the same day.
1794 - Maximilien Robespierre is guillotined in front of a cheering crowd, for sending thousands of others to a similar fate during the French Revolution.
1809 - Sir Arthur Wellesley's British, Portuguese and Spanish army defeats a much larger French force under Joseph Bonaparte at the Battle of Talavera.
1821 - Peru: Jose de San Martin declares independence from Spain.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Ezra Church begins - Confederate troops make a third unsuccessful attempt to drive Union forces from Atlanta, Georgia.
1866 - The Metric Act of 1866 becomes law and legalizes the standardization of weights and measures in the United States.
1868 - The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is adopted guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
1873 - The Japanese government implements land and tax reform as part of the Meiji Restoration reforms.
1878 - Great Britain's William Gowland becomes the first non-Japanese to reach Yarigatake peak (3,180 meters), and he names the mountain the Japanese Alps, a name that is eventually used to refer to the entire mountain range.
1914 - World War I begins: Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia after it failed to meet the conditions of an ultimatum it set on July 23 following the killing of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a Serbian assassin. This event leads to the outbreak of war.
1930 - R.B. Bennett is elected Prime Minister of Canada, defeating William Lyon Mackenzie King in the federal election.
1932 - US President Herbert Hoover orders the United States Army to forcibly evict the "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans gathered in Washington, DC.
1942 - World War II: USSR leader Joseph Stalin issues Order No. 227 in response to alarming German advances into Russia. Under the order all those who retreat or otherwise leave their positions without orders to do so will be immediately killed.
1943 - World War II: Operation Gomorrah - The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
1945 - Jose Bustamante y Rivero becomes Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru.
1945 - A US Army bomber accidentally crashes into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building killing 14 injuring 26.
1950 - Manuel Odría becomes Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru.
1956 - Manuel Prado Ugarteche becomes Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru.
1963 - Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru for a first time.
1965 - Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.
1973 - Summer Jam at Watkins Glen rock festival attended by 600,000 to see The Allman Brothers Band, The Band, and the Grateful Dead.
1976 - The Tangshan earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 magnitude flattens Tangshan, China, killing 242,769 and injuring 164,851.
1980 - Fernando Belaúnde Terry becomes Constitutional President of the Republic Peru for a second time.
1985 - Alan García becomes president of Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru.
1990 - Alberto Fujimori becomes Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru for a first time.
1995 - Alberto Fujimori becomes Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru for a second time.
1996 - Kennewick Man, the remains of a prehistoric man, was discovered near Kennewick, Washington.
1997 - Guatemala becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1998 - Monica Lewinsky scandal: Ex-White House intern, Monica Lewinsky receives transactional immunity in exchange for her grand jury testimony concerning her relationship with US President Bill Clinton.
2000 - Alberto Fujimori becomes Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru for a third time.
2001 - Alejandro Toledo becomes Constitutional President of the Republic of Peru.
2002 - Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, were rescued after 77 hours underground.
2005 - The Provisional Irish Republican Army (The IRA) call an end to their thirty year long armed campaign in Northern Ireland.
HolidaysCanada - Commemoration of the deportation of the Acadians
Faroe Islands - Ólavsøka Eve
Peru - Independence Day
San Marino - Fall of the Fascist Government
Roman Catholicism - the feasts of at least 5 saints:
St. Sampson (a bishop)