Daily Facts - July 17
Births1487 - Ismail I, Shah of Persia (d. 1524)
1674 - Isaac Watts, English hymnwriter (d. 1748)
1698 - Pierre Louis Maupertuis, French mathematician (d. 1759)
1744 - Elbridge Gerry, Vice President of the United States (d. 1814)
1745 - Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (d. 1826)
1797 - Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter (d. 1856)
1831 - Xianfeng, Emperor of China (d. 1861)
1839 - Ephraim Shay, American inventor (d. 1916
1888 - Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Israeli writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1970)
1889 - Erle Stanley Gardner, American lawyer and author (Perry Mason) (d. 1970)
1893 - Marvin Pierce, Women's magazine publisher (d. 1969)
1894 - Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (b. 1810)
1899 - James Cagney, American actor (d. 1986)
1899 - Erle Stanley Gardner, American author (d. 1970)
1901 - Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (d. 1938)
1902 - Christina Stead, Australian novelist (d. 1983)
1911 - Ted Anderson, English footballer (d.1979)
1912 - Art Linkletter, Canadian television host
1917 - Phyllis Diller, American comedian
1917 - Red Sovine, American country music singer (d. 1980)
1917 - Lou Boudreau, Major League baseball player and manager (d. 2001)
1918 - Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (d. 2003)
1920 - Juan Antonio Samaranch, Spanish chairman of the International Olympic Committee
1920 - Kenneth Wolstenholme, English sports commentator (d. 2002)
1921 - František Zvarík, Slovakian actor
1928 - Vince Guaraldi, American musician and composer (d. 1976)
1935 - Diahann Carroll, First African American to star on a long-running network television series.
1935 - Peter Schickele, American composer, author, and radio host
1935 - Donald Sutherland, Canadian actor
1941 - Spencer Davis, British singer and guitarist (Spencer Davis Group)
1941 - Jürgen Flimm, German theatre director and manager
1942 - Tim Brooke-Taylor, English comedian
1944 - Carlos Alberto, Brazilian football player
1945 - Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
1947 - Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
1949 - Terence "Geezer" Butler, British musician and lyricist (Black Sabbath)
1949 - Snyder Rini, Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands for eight days
1949 - Charlie Steiner, American sports broadcaster
1952 - David Hasselhoff, American actor and musician
1952 - Phoebe Snow, singer and songwriter
1952 - Nicolette Larson, American singer (d. 1997)
1955 - Paul Stamets, American mycologist and environmentalist
1956 - Bryan Trottier, Canadian/American ice hockey player
1954 - Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany
1954 - J. Michael Straczynski, American author
1957 - Fern Britton, British television presenter
1960 - Mark Burnett, English-born television producer
1960 - Jan Wouters, Dutch football player and manager
1963 - Matti Nykänen, Finnish ski jumper
1963 - Letsie III, King of Lesotho
1965 - Craig Morgan, American singer
1968 - Bitty Schram, American actress
1971 - Cory Doctorow, Canadian author and activist
1971 - Corey Feldman, Jewish American actor
1973 - Eric Moulds, American football player
1975 - Konnie Huq, English television presenter
1975 - Cécile De France, Belgian actress
1977 - M.I.A., British rapper
1980 - Ryan Miller, American hockey player
1983 - Ryan Guettler, professional Australian BMX rider
1985 - Tom Fletcher, British singer (McFly)
Deaths521 - Magnus Felix Ennodius, bishop and Latin poet (b. 474)
924 - King Edward the Elder of England
1070 - Baldwin VI, Count of Flanders (b. 1030)
1086 - King Canute IV of Denmark
1105 - Rashi, French rabbi and commentator (b. 1040)
1453 - John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, English military leader
1531 - Hosokawa Takakuni, Japanese military commander (b. 1484)
1566 - Bartolomé de Las Casas, Spanish priest (b. 1484)
1571 - Georg Fabricius, German poet and historian (b. 1516)
1588 - Sinan, Ottoman architect (b. 1489)
1645 - Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, Scottish politician
1704 - Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, French fur trader and explorer
1709 - Robert Bolling, English settler in Virginia (b. 1646)
1790 - Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (b. 1723)
1791 - Martin Dobrizhoffer, Austrian Jesuit missionary (b. 1717)
1793 - Charlotte Corday, French aristocrat and murderer (b. 1768)
1794 - John Roebuck, British inventor (b. 1718)
1878 - Aleardo Aleardi, Italian poet (b. 1812)
1881 - Jim Bridger, American Mountain man, Indian fighter, and explorer (b. 1804)
1885 - Jean-Charles Chapais, politician, Father of Canadian Confederation (b. 1811)
1887 - Dorothea Dix, American social activist (b. 1802)
1894 - Josef Hyrtl, Austrian anatomist (b. 1810)
1894 - Charles-Marie-René Leconte de Lisle, French poet (b. 1818)
1912 - Henri Poincaré, French mathematician (b. 1854)
1917 - Hector Malot, French writer (b. 1830)
1918 (N.S.) - Family of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (b. 1868)
Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna (b. 1872)
Grand Duchess Olga (b. 1895)
Grand Duchess Tatiana (b. 1897)
Grand Duchess Maria (b. 1899)
Grand Duchess Anastasia (b. 1901)
Tsarevich Alexei (b. 1904)
1928 - Giovanni Giolitti, Italian statesman (b. 1842)
1935 - George William Russell, Irish nationalist, poet and artist (b. 1867)
1944 - William James Sidis, gifted mathematician and child prodigy (b. 1898)
1945 - Ernst Busch, German field marshal (b. 1885)
1950 - Evangeline Booth, the 4th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1865)
1959 - Billie Holiday, American singer (b. 1915)
1959 - Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (b. 1875)
1961 - Ty Cobb, baseball player (b. 1886)
1967 - John Coltrane, American musician (b. 1926)
1974 - Dizzy Dean, Major League baseball pitcher (b.1910)
1975 - Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Georgian writer and public benefactor (b. 1893)
1980 - Boris Delaunay, Russian mathematician (b. 1890)
1987 - Yujiro Ishihara, Japanese actor (b. 1934)
1995 - Juan Manuel Fangio, Argentinian race car driver (b. 1911)
1996 - Chas Chandler, bass guitarist (The Animals), record producer and manager (b. 1938)
2001 - Katharine Graham, American publisher (b. 1917)
2003 - David Kelly, Welsh UN weapons inspector (b. 1944)
2003 - Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (b. 1914)
2004 - Pat Roach, British professional wrestler and actor (b. 1937)
2005 - Laurel Aitken, Jamaican singer
2005 - Sir Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1916)
2005 - Joe Vialls, Australian writer
Events180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa executed for being Christians. This is the earliest record of Christianity in that part of the world.
1048 - Damasus II appointed Pope.
1203 - Fourth Crusade captures Constantinople by assault; the Byzantine emperor Alexius III Angelus flees from his capital into exile.
1453 - Hundred Years' War: The French under Jean Bureau utterly defeat the English under the Earl of Shrewsbury, who is killed in the Battle of Castillon at Gascony
1762 - Catherine II becomes tzar of Russia upon the murder of Peter III of Russia.
1771 - Massacre at Bloody Falls: Chipewyan chief Matonabbee traveling as the guide to Samuel Hearne on his arctic overland journey, massacre a group of unsuspecting Inuit.
1791 - Massacre at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution. 1200-1500 people were killed, including women and children.
1815 - Napoleonic Wars: In France, Napoleon surrenders at Rochefort, Charente-Maritime to British forces.
1816 - The French passenger ship Medusa runs aground off the coast of Senegal. Klondike gold rush begins when first successful prospectors arrive in Seattle, Washington, USA.
1858 - Salving of the Lutine bell. The bell is subsequently hung in Lloyd's of London.
1898 - Spanish-American War: Battle of Santiago Bay - Troops under United States General William R. Shafter take the city of Santiago de Cuba from the Spanish.
1899 - NEC Corporation is organized as the first Japanese joint venture with foreign capital.
1917 - King George V of the United Kingdom issues a Proclamation stating that the male line descendants of the British royal family will bear the surname Windsor.
1918 - By order of the Bolshevik Party and carried out by Cheka, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, his immediate family, and retainers were murdered at the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
1933 - After successfully crossing of the Atlantic ocean, the Lithuanian research aircraft Lituanica crashes in Europe under mysterious circumstances.
1936 - Spanish Civil War: An Armed Forces rebellion against the recently-elected leftist Popular Front government of Spain starts the Spanish civil war.
1941 - Joe DiMaggio's baseball hitting streak ends at 56 games, by Cleveland Indian pitchers, Al Smith & Jim Bagby.
1944 - Port Chicago disaster: Near the San Francisco Bay, two ships laden with ammunition for the war explode in Port Chicago, California, killing 232.
1944 - World War II: The largest convoy of the war embarks from Halifax, Nova Scotia under Royal Canadian Navy protection.
1945 - World War II: Potsdam Conference - At Potsdam, the three main Allied leaders begin their final summit of the war. The meeting will end on August 2.
1955 - Disneyland televises its grand opening in Anaheim, California.
1962 - Nuclear testing: The "Small Boy" test shot Little Feller I becomes the last atmospheric test detonation at the Nevada Test Site.
1975 - Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: An American Apollo and a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft dock with each other in orbit marking the first such link-up between spacecraft from the two nations.
1976 - History of East Timor: East Timor was annexed, and became the 27th province of Indonesia.
1979 - Nicaraguan president General Anastasio Somoza Debayle resigns and flees to Miami.
1981 - Hyatt Regency walkway collapse: Two skywalks filled with people at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Kansas City, Missouri collapse into a crowded atrium lobby killing 114.
1984 - Laurent Fabius becomes Prime Minister of France
1987 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the 2,500 mark for the first time at 2510.04.
1990 - The Minnesota Twins become the first team in Major League Baseball to turn two triple plays in a single game, against the Boston Red Sox. Despite their defensive prowess, the Twins lose 1-0.
1994 - Brazil Capture their Fourth Would Cup beating Italy in a penalty kick shootout
1995 - The Midwestern heat wave in the United States reaches its peak. Chicago, Illinois and Milwaukee, Wisconsin, among other cities, set all-time high temperature records. The heat claims over 400 lives on this day alone.
1995 - The Nasdaq stock index closes above the 1,000 mark for the first time.
1996 - Off the coast of Long Island, New York, a Paris-bound Boeing 747 carrying TWA flight 800 explodes, killing all 230 on board.
1997 - The F.W. Woolworth Company closes after 117 years in business.
1997 - The City of Chicago proclaimed a "Jesse Saunders and the Pioneers of House Music" day.
1998 - In St. Petersburg, Nicholas II of Russia and his family are buried in St. Catherine Chapel 80 years after he and his family were killed by Bolsheviks.
1998 - A tsunami triggered by an undersea earthquake destroys 10 villages in Papua New Guinea killing an estimated 1,500, leaving 2,000 more unaccounted for and thousands more homeless.
1998 - Biologists report in the journal Science how they sequenced the genome of the bacterium that causes syphilis, Treponema pallidum.
2002 - Apple's program iCal premiers at the Macworld Expo in New York City. This date is displayed on the icon of the program when it is not being used.
2004 - Ninety children die in a fire at a private school in Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India.
HolidaysIraq - Ba'ath Revolution Day
Puerto Rico - Luis Muñoz Rivera's Birthday
South Korea - Constitution Day
Various mathematics departments - Yellow Pig's Day
Kyoto, Japan - Gion Matsuri
Feast Day of St Cynllo